The Zika virus was found by the Fiocruz Public Institution in Brazil in Culex insects known as the common house mosquito, which is scary as not many people are preapred to know the new disease waiting in the wings to take a bite at humans.
“That’s scary, that’s scary,” said Paloma Thomas of Fort Myers, whose fears may come true if one knows the impact the spread of Zika if found in more insects.
Shelly Redovan with Lee County Mosquito Control said has begun sprays for the common house mosquito, which is already known to spread West Nile Virus.”It’s possible that it’s going to spread more and more throughout Florida and all of America,” Russell said.
Here are some key facts about the Zika virus:
Caused by virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, the symptoms include mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days. Researchers believe the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, while links to other neurological complications are also being investigated.
First identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys while monitoring yellow fever, the Zika virus was later identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
In July 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly.
Latest findings show that the Zika virus can remain active in a man’s semen for 93 days, which has posed severe transmission threat throughout the world. The bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti in tropical regions, which usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. Sexual transmission of Zika virus is also possible. Other modes of transmission such as blood transfusion are not ruled out.
Once diagnosed, people sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical care and advice. There is currently no vaccine available though Hyderabad-based pharma labs claim to have developed one.
Protection against mosquito bites is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection. This can be done by wearing clothes (preferably light-coloured) that cover as much of the body as possible; using physical barriers such as window screens or closing doors and windows; sleeping under mosquito nets; and using insect repellent containing DEET, IR3535 or icaridin according to the product label instructions.
It is important to cover, empty or clean potential mosquito breeding sites in and around houses such as buckets, drums, pots, gutters, and used tyres. Communities should support local government efforts to reduce mosquitoes in their locality. Health authorities may also advise that spraying of insecticides be carried out.
Sexual transmission of Zika virus has been documented already and to reduce the risk of sexual transmission and potential pregnancy complications related to Zika virus infection, the sexual partners of pregnant women, living in or returning from areas where local transmission of Zika virus occurs should practice safer sex (including using condoms) or abstain from sexual activity throughout the pregnancy.
World Health Organization (WHO) is supporting countries to control Zika virus disease by taking actions outlined in the “Zika Strategic Response Framework”, including vector control strategies, clinical care and follow-up of people with complications related to Zika virus infection, in collaboration with experts and other health agencies.
Latest studies have recommended keeping chicken near the bed to ward off mosquitoes and prevent the spread of the disease.