Today, August 14 is the Independence Day of Pakistan and tomorrow is Indian Independence Day though both were born on the midnight of Aug. 14-15 in 1947.
India and Pakistan were divided on the midnight of August 14 and 15 in 1947 by the British Raj but Pakistan chose the day August 14 to celebrate the independence, despite Father of the Nation and first Pakistan President Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s preference to August 15 initially.
The Indian Independence Act 1947 recognized 15 August as the birthday of both Pakistan and India as it clearly states:
“As from the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent Dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan.”
Even Jinnah in his first broadcast to the nation or newly created Pakistan said:
“August 15 is the birthday of the independent and sovereign state of Pakistan. It marks the fulfilment of the destiny of the Muslim nation which made great sacrifices in the past few years to have its homeland.”
And the first Independence Day of Pakistan was celebrated on 15 August but in subsequent years that Pakistan began to celebrate 14 August as the independence day. Even the first commemorative postage stamp of the country, released in July 1948, gave 15 August 1947 as the independence day.
But the reason is that August 14, 1947 coincided with 27 Ramadan 1366 of the Islamic calendar, which Muslims regard as a sacred night and hence the change.