Low vitamin D in children is hardly noticed for medical intervention and often passed off with ease but latest research has shown that the deficiency may turn into a bigger risk when later in life for them.
Low levels of vitamin D in childhood were associated with subclinical atherosclerosis tahat correlates with cardio-vascular disease after 25 years in adulthood, the findings said.
“Our results showed an association between low vitamin D levels in childhood and increased occurrence of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood,” said one of the authors Markus Juonala from University of Turku Finland.
“The association was independent of conventional cardiovascular risk factors including serum lipids, blood pressure, smoking, diet, physical activity, obesity indices and socioeconomic status,” Juonala added.
The study based on analysis of 2,148 participants aged 3 to 18 years as kids and later when they are adults aged 30 to 45 years. The researchers examined the relationship between low childhood vitamin D levels and adult increased carotid intima-thickness (IMT), a marker of structural atherosclerosis.
Results showed that participants with low levels of vitamin D in childhood had a significantly higher prevalence of high-risk IMT as adults and the findings have been published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.