Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Riess win the Nobel prize in physics, the Nobel prize panel announced on Tuesday for their 1998 discovery of supernova in space galaxies.
104 Nobel Prizes in Physics have been awarded since 1901. It was not awarded on six occasions: in 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, and 1942.
Why were the Nobel Prizes not awarded in those years? In the statutes of the Nobel Foundation it says: “If none of the works under consideration is found to be of the importance indicated in the first paragraph, the prize money shall be reserved until the following year. If, even then, the prize cannot be awarded, the amount shall be added to the Foundation’s restricted funds.” During World War I and II, fewer Nobel Prizes were awarded.
The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to 189 Laureates. As John Bardeen has been awarded twice there are 188 individuals who have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics since 1901.
Of the 188 individuals awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, only two are women.
1903 – Marie Curie (also awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.)
1963 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer