Mission Indradhanush depicting 7 colours of the rainbow against 7 vaccine preventable diseases — diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B — was launched by Union Health Minister JP Nadda to make Indian kids receive full immunization program by 2020.
The Mission Indradhanush seeks to achieve this goal, said the Health Minister. Between 2009 and 2013, immunisation coverage has increased from 61% to 65%, indicating only 1% increase in coverage every year.
To accelerate it to 5% and more every year, the Mission Mode has been adopted to achieve target of full coverage by 2020, said the minister.
The Minister stated that 201 high-focus districts will be taken up for implementation in the first phase.
Of these, 82 districts are in just four states of UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and nearly 25% of the unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children of India are in these 82 districts of four states. Moreover, 297 will be targeted for the second phase.
In Karnataka, Kalaburagi, Yadgir, Raichur, Ballari, and Koppal districts have been covered under the mission and there will be four rounds of vaccination from today onwards and it lasts till July.
The Health Minister stated that the micro plans of the Mission will draw on the lessons learned from the Polio eradication like systems strengthening, vaccine cold chain management, regular surveillance and monitoring of the plans to reach each and every left out and uncovered child.