Save the Children’s State of World’s Mothers Report finds that Delhi Provides One of the Worst Quality of Life for Mothers and Children.
As India fell to a rank of 140 in Mother’s Index, Norway topped the list of the 16th Mother’s Index released by NGO ‘Save the Children’, while the US was at 33rd position.
The annual scorecard saw Somalia at the down, just behind the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic. Surprisingly, India slipped behind Zimbabwe, Bangladesh and Iraq in terms of a country for mothers to live in.
Save the Children’s 16th annual Mothers’ Index on 179 countries takes into account five indicators — maternal health, education, income, welfare and women political participation. While, other Scandinavian countries Denmark, Sweden and Netherlands remained in the top 10, Finland which was on top last year slipped to the second position this year.
While no Asian country figured in the top 10, only European nations competed for the honour and Australia is at 9th position and the only non-European in the top 10 index of Mother-friendly nation. Even France and UK were at the 23rd and 24th position, while canada was at 20th spot.
Releasing the report in India, Union Minister for Minority Affairs Najma Heptulla said, “By introducing initiatives such as Mission Indradhanush, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK), the Government of India has reaffirmed its priority and commitment to reduce infant mortality rate (IMR).” Over 7,60,000 children die in India every year due to preventable causes.
On the positive side, the report said the global under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) came down by half from 90 to 46 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2013 and much progress has been made in India too, which has achieved a decline of 54.4% as against the global average of 44.8%.
The 10 countries showing the greatest survival divide between rich and poor urban children are: Rwanda, Cambodia, Kenya, Vietnam, Peru, India, Madagascar, Ghana, Bangladesh and Nigeria.
However, “the Government of India has made great progress in ensuring the survival of newborns, infants and mothers,” said Dr. Sudeep Gadok, Director of Programs, Save the Children.
Leading the list of capitals where babies are most likely to survive are Prague (Czech
Republic), Stockholm (Sweden), Oslo (Norway) Tokyo (Japan), and Lisbon (Portugal).
“For babies born in many of the world’s fast-growing cities, it’s survival of the richest,” said Gadok and mentioned that in many metros like Mumbai and New Delhi, it’s a tale of two cities – one of the rich and another of the poor — in terms of access to basic health services.
Below are the top 10 nations: