As Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully placed its Mangalyaan in Martian Orbit on its initial attempt, India has created history on September 24, Wednesday.
With the spacecraft entered the red planet’s orbit, India turned to be the first Asian country to reach Mars and the first in the world to enter Martian orbit in its first attempt. Though European, US and Russian probes have managed to land on the planet, it was after several attempts.
After the Soviets, NASA and the European Space Agency, ISRO is the fourth space agency, to successfully launch and execute an interplanetary mission to Mars, in the world.
In order to witness the crucial mission, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah were present at ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), in Bangalore. While the mission was successful, Modi announced, “MOM has met Mangal.” When addressed the country on its historic occasion, Modi congratulated ISRO’s scientists.
MOdi declared, “India has become the first country to enter Mars orbit on a maiden mission. History has been created today with India reaching Mars. ISRO has joined an elite group of countries to reach Mars.” It was built indigenously, in a pan-Indian effort, stretching from Bangalore to Bhubhaneshwar, and Faridabad to Rajkot, he added.
Modi has also commented that the budget for the project was lesser than a Hollywood blockbuster.
Approved by the Indian government in August 2012, the Rs. 450-crore project was India’s first interplanetary mission. MOM was launched on November 5, 2013 from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh with the powerful Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
Mangalyaan is primarily a technological mission, which has been configured to carry out observation of physical features of Mars and carry out limited study of the Martian atmosphere.
While the 14-member team, who worked for the mission for 15 months, was led by ISRO chairman Dr K Radhakrishnan, about 200 space scientists were in the control room monitoring even the minutest details of the Mars Mission’s final phase.
ISRO announced during the final moments that burn of engines on India’s Mars orbiter had been confirmed. “All engines of Mars orbiter are going strong. Burn confirmed,” declared ISRO.