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India asks Developed Nations to Declare Pre-2020 Targets Before Paris Meet

The Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Independent Charge), Shri Prakash Javadekar addressing at the inauguration of a workshop on ‘Environmental Impact Assessment – Challenges in India and Way Forward’, New Delhi on April 25, 2015.

The Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Independent Charge), Shri Prakash Javadekar addressing at the inauguration of a workshop on ‘Environmental Impact Assessment – Challenges in India and Way Forward’, New Delhi on April 25, 2015.

India’s Environment and Climate Change minister Prakash Javadekar has appealed the developed nations to come forward with their targets for pre-2020 action which can be taken up at the Paris Climate Change Talks in Paris to be held in December 2015.

While addressing the Sixth Petersberg Climate Dialogue at Berlin on Monday, the Minister said that the Warsaw global mechanism for loss and damage should be functional by 2016 and reiterated India’s stand to see a Paris pact that is based on trust and is balanced and realistic in nature.

“We have suggested that the negotiators at Bonn ADP session should be directed to come up with the Draft decision text on pre-2020 actions. It will be ironical that we formulate post-2020 architecture without finalizing pre-2020 action plan,” said the minister.

The constitution of the ADP or Ad-Hoc Durban Platform for Enhanced Action in 2012 was to enhance action on all aspects of the climate change agenda that is expected to move towards the culmination in Paris.

The pre-2020 actions of developed countries will pave the way for carbon space required for the developing world, as every poor person has the right to equitable access to the atmospheric pro-climate change technology and resources.

On the occasion, Javadekar declared India’s action plan targeting 175 GW of renewable energy, which he said has received a tremendous response from investors in the form of LOIs worth more than 200GW of energy.

The minister underlined the following steps taken by India:

Ø India has increased cess on coal to Rs 200 per tonne, to use additional funds for Clean Technologies.

Ø India has recently launched a scheme of Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric Vehicles in India to depend less on fossil fuels.

Ø India has incentivized afforestation (provided $ 9 billion or $125 per hectare) under the 14th Finance Commission, and we have already presented a bill for devolution of more than $6 billion for these projects.

Ø India has enhanced public and private investment in Railways to put in billions of dollars in Railways.

Ø India has created architecture for 100 smart cities to turn them into clean and green cities.

Ø India has asked 3, 200 severely polluting industries to install 24X7 pollution monitoring devices for eflluents as well as emissions.

Ø India is finalizing its plan of roooftop solar energy program and solar powered agriculture pumps, besides  planning to use irrigation canal tops and banks for generating solar energy.

Ø Through a series of reform measures, LPG will be provided to millions of poor families thereby reducing carbon emissions.

Stressing that India’s actions are voluntary, he said it must be seen against the backdrop that these actions are taken up though India is not mandated under the UNFCCC, and therefore developed world must take ambitious pre-2020 action.

The minister also reiterated India’s demand that the Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage should be operational by 2016. The Warsaw mechanism should provide for specific commitments from developed country parties and Annex II parties to provide support for the mechanism, he said.

“Let us not create a document full of pious statements. Let us also not complicate it further and bring in newer elements and ideas at this stage. If Paris is to succeed, let us welcome a new beginning where all countries take actions on their own!,” said Javadekar.

The Paris agreement should be rooted in the principles of CBDR-RC, equity, and means of implementation, which enables the realisation of fair and ambitious goals of development, poverty eradication, as well as climate change, said the minister.

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