Controlling sugar levels is always back on the mind of every diabetic patient and food is one main ingredient that keeps altering the blood-sugar ratio. To overcome post-dinner high sugar levels, Israeli researchers have come out with a finding that eating a high energy breakfast but a low energy dinner controls blood sugar levels in Type 2 diabetes.
The study conducted by Professor Daniela Jakubowicz from Tel Aviv University in Israel and published in the journal Diabetologia suggest that balancing food intake to suit the energy levels will keep blood-sugar ration under control. “High energy intake at breakfast is associated with significant reduction in overall post-meal glucose levels in diabetic patients over the entire day,” said Jakubowicz.
The study was conducted on 18 participants including 8 men and 10 women with a history of ten years of type 2 diabetes and aged between 30 and 70 years. They were divided into two groups — one with high energy breakfast with low energy dinner (the B diet) with a low energy breakfast and high energy dinner diet (the D diet).
Though the total energy was same in both diets, and same calories during lunch, lunch in the B diet resulted in lower blood glucose (by 21 to 25%) and higher insulin (by 23%) compared with the lunch in the D diet. The findings helped researchers to suggest that adjusting diet in this fashion could help optimise metabolic control and prevent many complications of type 2 diabetes.
“Recommending a higher energy load at breakfast, when beta cell responsiveness and insulin-mediated muscle glucose uptake are at optimal levels, seems an adequate strategy to decrease post-meal glucose spikes in patients with type 2 diabetes,” said Jakubowicz.
An estimated 25.8 million Americans have diabetes. Another 79 million are thought to have “pre-diabetes,” meaning they are at risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
Prof. Daniela Jakubowicz was also known for his earlier research finding a natural way to help women of normal weight who suffer from PCOS manage their glucose and insulin levels to improve overall fertility. She has set a meal plan, based on the body’s 24 hour metabolic cycle, not on weight loss but on insulin management.
Women with PCOS who increased their calorie intake at breakfast, including high protein and carbohydrate content, and reduced their calorie intake through the rest of the day, saw a reduction in insulin resistance.
This led to lower levels of testosterone and dramatic increase in the ovulation frequency — measures that have a direct impact on fertility, said Jakubowicz.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder that impairs fertility by impacting menstruation, ovulation and hormones and it is closely related to insulin levels.
Women with the disorder are typically “insulin resistant” — their bodies produce an overabundance of insulin to deliver glucose from the blood into the muscles. The excess makes its way to the ovaries, where it stimulates the production of testosterone, thereby impairing fertility.