Sun is the source of energy but more and more studies are revealing the side effects of not exposing ourselves to the Sun to get vitamin D, that is crucial as lack of it may lead to unnecessary complications.
The latest revelation came from a UK study that said people who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have diabetes. They suggest that besides maintaining a healthy diet, people can reduce their risk of diabetes or other metabolic disorders by spending some time on outdoor activities and exposing themselves to sunshine.
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and maintain bone and muscle health and our skin naturally produces vitamin D after exposure to sunlight. Those who rarely venture out and get sunshine will be the most affected from these side effects as ony smaller amounts of the vitamin is vailable in foods such as milk fortified with vitamin D.
In the past, some studies had suggested that people who have low levels of vitamin D are more likely to become obese but the current study says irrespective of obesity, vitamin D levels were directly correlated with glucose levels, and not with Body Mass Index (BMI).
The researchers studied vitamin D biomarkers in 148 participants who were classified by their BMI and whether they had diabetes, pre-diabetes or no glycemic disorders.
When they measured levels of vitamin D in the participants’ blood streams and vitamin D receptor gene expression in adipose tissue, they found that obese participants who did not have glucose metabolism disorders had higher levels of vitamin D than diabetic participants.
Even non-obese or lean participants with diabetes or another glucose metabolism disorder were found to have low levels of vitamin D.
The study has been published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.