Now that India is no more a poor nation but an emerging economy, it can surely reach wealthy nations club by 2020 and contribute to the Green climate Fund from that year, said the European Union on Sunday.
India, however, refuted the contention that post-2020, all parties should be treated on par. As a part of Like Minded Group of Developing Countries (LMDC) and BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) groups, Indi for long resisted it citing the principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) which it says is the basic principle of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
India, seen as a key player in the Paris 2015 UN climate negotiations later this year, has called for a “universal” but “not equal” green action in mitigating the challenges of global warming.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius who visited New Delhi last week said the Paris 2015 agreement, crucial to guide the post-2020 global climate change initiatives, would be an “ambitious”, even-handed agreement “among all”, aiming to ensure sustainable growth complementing social progress “for all”.
Speaking in his capacity of chairperson of the COP21, the world climate change conference to be held in the French capital later this year, Fabius shared some expectations from the meet at the inaugural session of 15th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS), organised by the Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) in Delhi.
“We will make sure that every voice is heard. This agreement should be an agreement among all and for all. This agreement will have to be ambitious and respond to the scientific call for urgent action. It will need to fully take into account each country’s need for development,” he said.
“The principle of CBDR (comprehensive but differential responsibility) has been diluted with the demand for a universal action (to combat climate change). Let there be a universal action but it cannot be an equal action,” India’s Additional Secretary, Environment, Sushil Kumar said at the 15th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit in New Delhi.
Under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the principle of CBDR requires developed countries to recognize their historical responsibility as early industrialisers to ensure greater contribution in meeting the climate change challenge.
From the climate agreement at the UN Climate Conference in Paris later this year, “India and other developing countries are looking for retention and reiteration of the principles of CBDR, equity, and respective capabilities of each country… These have to be our guiding principles so that every country is on board,” he said.
India reiterated its plea for a sustainable availability of funds in the Green Climate Fund that would enable developing countries to adopt ambitious mitigation and adaption action.
“That is a prerequisite otherwise the universal action will not gain much. The IPR cost is to be neutralized by some mechanism, so that each country is able to get new tech which increases its energy efficiency, increases adaptation and reduces carbon emission,” he said.(With inputs from IANS)