Soon after the news of the death of Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola in the United States on Wednesday reached the public, creating nationwide alert about the impending spread of the disease, with an incubation period from time of infection to symptoms varying between 2 to 21 days.
America’s five busiest airports — New York’s JFK, Washington Dulles, Newark, Chicago O’Hare and Atlanta international airport — have begun a special screening of all visitors coming from the affected regions for Ebola symptoms are beefing up measures though a Texas health official stressed that there is no “risk” right away.
So far, the outbreak of Ebola has killed more than 3,400 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone — most of those affected are listed as aid workers from the WHO or hospital nurses who came in contact with the patients.
Meanwhile the World Bank went ahead with estimates that the Ebola crisis would cost the African economy $32 billion in the next two years, if it remains unabated.
HERE ARE SOME TIPS ON HOW TO DEAL EBOLA:
– Apply full Ebola intervention package to the extent of available resources
– Develop and apply complementary approaches for intense transmission areas
– Assess short-term extraordinary measures to limit national spread
– Implement WHO’s Temporary Recommendations under IHR to prevent international spread
– Ensure essential services and lay the foundation for health sector recovery and strengthening of national core capacities for
– Ensure emergency and immediate action in countries with an initial case(s) or with localized transmission
– Initiate emergency health procedures
– Immediately activate Ebola response protocols and facilities, in keeping with WHO IPC guidance and universal precautions
– Implement IHR Temporary Recommendations to prevent international spread
– Strengthen preparedness of all countries to rapidly detect and respond to an Ebola exposure
– Establish active surveillance for clusters of unexplained deaths or febrile illness
– Provide the general public with accurate and relevant information to reduce the risk of exposure
– Establish a protocol for managing travellers who arrive at major land crossing points with unexplained febrile illness
– Identify isolation units where any suspect Ebola case can be properly investigated and managed
– Arrange a process for rapidly shipping diagnostic specimens to a WHO-recognized laboratory.
Here is a map of the spread of Ebola in Africa currently: