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Ancient Skull with Membrane Intact Found in China

Archaeologists have discovered 100,000 years old human bones in Central China’s Lingjing historical site in Xuchang, with bite marks pointing at prey or other humans attacking him to death, said Li Zhanyang, a researcher at the Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.

The Lingjing site has thrown up seven fossil remains so far, making it the largest site of discovered human fossils in China. The Xuchang Man fossil with 16 pieces of had protruding eyebrows and a small forehead, with a surprisingly fossilized membrane on the inner side, providing traces of ancient nerves of the Paleolithic ancestor, said Li.

“The first discovery of limb bone fossils provides more opportunities to decode the process of human evolution,” Li told China Daily. The fossils are different from the ancient human skull fossils that were discovered eight years ago in China, said Li.

Apart from the bone fossils, about 1,000 fossilized animals and stone implements have been found at this site in China, which is rich in archaeological findings.

THE XUJIAYAO 15 LATE ARCHAIC HUMAN TEMPORAL BONE FROM NORTHERN CHINA, WITH THE EXTRACTED TEMPORAL LABYRINTH, IS SUPERIMPOSED ON A VIEW OF THE XUJIAYAO SITE. view more   CREDIT: INSTITUTE OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY AND PALEOANTHROPOLOGY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE

THE XUJIAYAO 15 LATE ARCHAIC HUMAN TEMPORAL BONE FROM NORTHERN CHINA, WITH THE EXTRACTED TEMPORAL LABYRINTH, IS SUPERIMPOSED ON A VIEW OF THE XUJIAYAO SITE. 
CREDIT: INSTITUTE OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY AND PALEOANTHROPOLOGY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE

Earlier, another 100,000-year-old human skull found during 1970s excavations at the Xujiayao site in China’s Nihewan Basin revealed the surprising presence of an inner-ear formation long thought to occur only in Neanderthals.

The skull, known as Xujiayao 15, was found along with an assortment of other human teeth and bone fragments, all of which seemed to have characteristics typical of an early non-Neanderthal form of late archaic humans.

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