The year 2015 can be written as a Year of Young Indians as Satya Nadella and later Sundar Pichai making it to the top tech giant posts and now four young Indians have made it to the top MIT Global List 2015 Innovators Under 35 years of age.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Technology Review said the individuals are “inspiring and creative people” who pioneered the most important emerging technologies of the moment. The selection process begins with hundreds of nominations from the public, MIT Technology Review editors, and international partners who publish Innovators Under 35 lists in their regions.
MIT editors pare the list to about 80 people, who submit descriptions of their work and letters of reference. Then outside judges rate the finalists on the originality and impact of their work; that feedback helps the editors choose this group.
Here is the list of top 10 innovators and Indian origin engineer Aaswath Raman, 30 was able to make it to the top 10, while three other Indians have made it to the entire list of 35 Innovators of the year 2015.
Here is a profile of Indian young innovators who have worked to better many lives:
1. Aaswath Raman, 30, from Stanford has used a nanoscale technique to make a disc mirror that gets colder under direct sunlight, and maintains 5 degrees Celsius cooler temperature than the surrounding air. He invented it based on lessons learnt from the dew form on blades of grass at night. Raman’s nanoscale method makes his mirror stay cool even during full daylight. He is next pondering to integrate the material into air-conditioning infrastructure and has a working prototype on the roof of Stanford’s Packard Electrical Engineering Building. If Raman’s prototype works, then electricity bills for air conditioning will be half of what you get now.
2. Rahul Panicker, 34, an engineer from Bangalore and another Stanford University scholar who returned home to work on an incubator to reduce infant mortality rate. His incubator costs just 1% of the traditional ones and keeps babies warm for up to six hours without electricity, a common feature in India. In 2009, Panicker launched it as Embrace and it is priced 99% less than the average warmer and can be run on hot water. His incubators have been used in 15 countries and has helped about 200,000 babies.
3. Rohan Paul, 30, a post-doctoral fellow at IIT-Delhi, has created a Rs 3,250 obstacle-detection system for the blind people called SmartCane. When he attended the National Association for the Blind in 2005 as an IIT student, he realised the major challenge the blind people face — obstacles like windows, trees and parked vehicles hurt them often. Paul created a foldable cane that can detect obstacles. It was first tested in 2012 and users reported 95% fewer collisions and so far the SmartCane has been used by 10,000 people. “It is a ‘people’s product’—a humble tribute to the Mahatma, who inspired innovators to harness science and technology for the masses,” says a modest IITian.
4. Saurabh Srivastava, 30, another research engineer with Xerox India in Bangalore, has been focusing on gesture-based user interface to help illiterate people and foreigners to use online services in a strange environment. Srivastava has set up a system in Assam that allowed pregnant women to discuss medical problems via a web interface that referred them to free tests and services. The program makes use of animation to help guide the patients.
Here is the list of top 10 of the MIT Innovators 2015 List:
Polina Anikeeva , 32
A creative scientist sees new ways to record and stimulate brain activity.
Gozde Durmus, 30
It’s amazing what you can learn about a cell when you levitate it.
Gilad Evrony, 33
Single-neuron genome sequencing is revealing clues about what goes wrong in the brain.
Jeannette Garcia, 33
A chance discovery sparked a quest for plastics that are both strong and recyclable.
Jun Ge, 32
Why we might use tiny flowers, trees, and spindles to create the pharmaceuticals of the future.
Zhen Gu, 34
Diabetics are tired of sticking themselves with needles. Someday they may not have to.
Elizabeth Mormino , 33
A telltale protein seen in people’s brains before they have Alzheimer’s could offer a clue about possible treatments.
Michelle O’Malley, 33
Understanding a tricky kind of single-cell creature could help reduce the cost of biofuels.
Aaswath Raman, 30
Your next air-conditioning system might save energy by beaming heat into outer space.