Archaeologists have discovered 2,600 years old tombs numbering about 200 in China’s central Henan province belonging to an ancient tribe that had left behind recorded migration and extinction.
The rare tombs were found in Yichuan County of Luoyang City, with eight horse and chariot pits, over 30 ash pits and more than 10 kilns and archaeologists have dated back their period to the Spring and Autumn period (771-476 BC).
Spread over an area of about 200,000 square metres, the tombs were found alongwith an ancient city dating back to the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220).
With traces of the tribe’s period and migration, researchers believe the tribe was one of the few in the region whose migration and time of extinction was recorded. They plan to study further the history of migration of minorities in the central area of China.
The Yichuan county is also known for other archaeological spots like Yichuan Chengyuan, Fan Zhongyan’s Tomb, Pingquanzhuang Ruins, YuXi YiBaoZhai ZhanLanGuan and the Huangjue Temple.
Since ancient times, the central plains of Henan Province have been considered one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization and were the country’s political, economic and cultural centres before the Song and Yuan Dynasties.
Among the ancient settlements found in the province include the Laonainaimiao Palaeolithic settlement in Zhengzhou by Peking University’s School of Archaeology and Museology and the Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, the Kengnan Prehistoric site in Xichuan County by the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeanthropology and the Chinese Academy of Sciences Graduate School’s Department of Scientific Archaeology, the Longshangang Neolithic site in Xichuan County by the Henan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology, the discovery of the south-western corner of the Northern Wei Imperial Palace within the Han-Wei city complex in Luoyang by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Archaeology, and the Song Dynasty era boat in Anyang’s Hua County by the Anyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.