According to National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), prison statistics’ report, there were 1,303 death sentences of which only 3 sentences were executed, including the recent Yakub Memon who was the lone convict in the 1993 Mumbai serial bombings.
On November 21, 2012, Ajmal Kasab, the only terrorist to have survived the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, was hanged in Pune’s Yerwada Jail. Then, On February 9, 2013, Afzal Guru who was the convict in the 2001 Parliament attack case was hanged in Delhi’s Tihar Jail. Today, 30 July of 2015, witnessed another execution in the name of Yakub Memon, a lone convict of the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts that left 257 dead and more than 700 injured.
In 2013, around 780 executions were reported in 22 countries, which was 14 percent increase than in 2012 (682).
It was the year 2007 when most death sentences (186) were awarded, followed by 164 in 2005. Apparently, in the same year i.e, 2005, more than 1,200 death sentences were commuted to life imprisonment. Hence, the highest number of deaths occurred in that year.
India, China, the US and Japan are the countries which have not abolished the death penalty, whereas 160 other countries have abolished the capital punishment.
For the protection of human rights, United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution and endorsed it towards the abolition of the death penalty worldwide.